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An intro on Thirukkural:
Thirukkural is a classic Tamil sangam literature comprising of 1330 couplets or kurals. It was authored by Thiruvalluvar, a poet who is said to have lived anytime between 2nd century BCE and 5th century CE.
The Thirukkural is one of the most important works in the Tamil language. This is reflected in some of the other names by which the text is given by such as Tamil Marai (Tamil Vedas), Poyyamozhi (words that never fail), etc.
Thirukural is known by many names such as:
உத்தரவேதம் / Uttaravedam - superior Veda
பொய்யாமொழி / Poyyamozhi - statements devoid of untruth
வாயூரை வாழ்த்து / Vayurai Vazhthu - truthful utterances
தெய்வநூல் / Deyvanool - divine book
பொதுமறை / Pothumarai - common-man's Veda
முப்பால் / Muppal - three chaptered
தமிழ் மறை / Tamil Marai - Tamil Veda
There are claims and counter claims as to the authorship of the book and to the exact number of couplets written by Thiruvalluvar. The first instance of the author's name mentioned as Thiruvalluvar is found to be several centuries later in a song of praise called Garland of Thiruvalluvar in Thiruvalluva Malai.